Human rights activist, Femi Falana (SAN), and Balarabe Musa, elder statesman and former governor of Kaduna State, on Tuesday, said former President Olusegun Obasanjo’s rejection of the Minority Report of the Constitutional Drafting Committee of 1976, co-authored by Drs. Segun Osoba and Yusufu Bala Usman, is one of the major reasons Nigeria is facing multiple crises today.
The late Bala Usman was the father of Hadiza Bala-Usman, the Managing Director of the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA).
Both men and others spoke at the public presentation of the Minority Report and Draft Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1976) at the University of Lagos auditorium on Tuesday.
The event had in attendance dignitaries such as Comrade Hassan Sunmonu, former President of Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC); Oba of Lagos, Rilwan Akiolu; Dr. Abubakar Siddique Mohammed, Executive Director of the Centre for Democratic Development Research and Training (CEDDERT), and Omoba Tunde Ajibulu, a chieftain of the All Progressives Congress (APC).
Going down memory lane, Falana, who was the book reviewer, said majority of the problems being experienced in Nigeria today such as the raging insecurity, kidnappings, youth unemployment would have been addressed if the minority report had been adopted.
Falana, who said the military government headed by Obasanjo rejected the report in a hostile manner, added that “Nigeria could possibly have avoided the current obstacles to genuine democracy and sustainable human development if some of the questions posed and the answers provided by Osoba and Usman, two leading lights of the Nigerian left, in their unambiguously progressive Report and Draft of 1976 had been considered”.
He continued: “As part of the initial steps towards the transition to civil rule in 1975, the regime of General Murtala Mohammed gave a committee of 49 eminent Nigerians the job of producing a draft constitution for the Second Republic, which was scheduled to begin on October 1, 1979.
“Two members of the Constitution Drafting Committee (CDC) fundamentally disagreed on ideological grounds with the report supported by the majority of 47 others.
“On the question of human progress, the philosophical divergence between the minority and the majority within the CDC was too wide to expect a compromise. Hence, the minority came up with the document under review today.
“By the time the report was ready, Murtala had been killed in an abortive coup and his second-in-command, General Olusegun Obasanjo, was now in charge.
“Regrettably, the Obasanjo regime rejected, in a most hostile manner, the Minority Report, as it is now known in Nigeria’s political history.
“The report of the majority was decreed into the 1979 constitution, the basic content of which has formed the nucleus of the subsequent constitutions including the Decree 24 of 1999, otherwise called the 1999 constitution.
“Let us quickly dispense with the regrets, as the actual spirit of this occasion is to engender hope about the future of Nigeria.
“A critical reading of the publication being presented today would bring to the fore the radical diagnosis and the extraordinary prescience in the prescriptions for the Nigerian condition made by the authors.
“This is despite the fact that the authors, Dr. Olusegun Osoba and Dr. Yusufu Bala Usman, both radical historians, wrote 43 years ago that they never pretended to put forward ‘a perfect document’.
“In the true tradition of self-criticism that is the hallmark of leftist thinkers, they readily admitted ‘faults and inadequacies’ in the document.”
Falana also said the Minority Report was pro-masses as it addressed majority of the challenges being faced by the average Nigerian as well as accountability by public officials.
“Other similarly remarkable provisions encapsulated in the draft, but were regrettably rejected by the Obasanjo regime, include those on accountability by those in power; the purpose and management of political parties, as well as the appointment of a prime minister by the elected president for the purpose of diffusing power.
“In fact, given the progressive ferments of the 1970s, these two progressive constitution writers could not have imagined the current crisis of the economy, society and politics,” he said.
On his part, Balarabe Musa, who asked Obasanjo to apologise to Nigerians for rejecting the report, said the situation of the country would have improved tremendously while leaders would be accountable to the people if Obasanjo had not rejected the report.
He said: “The Minority Report historically can be regarded to have arisen out of the experiences of the Nigerian Elements Progressive Union (NEPU) of the British colonial administration and the First Republic of Nigeria, the Nigerian workers organisations, students unions, Academic Staff Unions of Universities (ASUU), civil society organisations, etc.
“The experiences of the NEPU and the authors of the Minority Report also influenced the PRP’s five basic principles of value and the equality of human beings, the power of the people, socialism, genuine federalism, and total liberation from imperialism.
“Obasanjo was wrong to have rejected the minority report. If he had not done so, things would have been better for this country today.
“The minority report saw what will happen if it is rejected and since that report has been rejected, we have seen what has happened in the state of affairs of the nation today. I put the blame squarely on Obasanjo.”
On his part, 84-year-old Osoba said a recurring lie by the ruling class is the concept of restructuring. He said many of the advocates of restructuring and creation of states are just people looking for personal gains.
Speaking further, he said the only way for Nigeria to get out of her present predicament is to overthrow the existing order.